.Hack//Sign Synopsis, screenshots, recommendations ~ Add Recommendations Discuss individual episodes and first impressions of this anime here; reviews and final impressions should be posted in the Anime Reviews Forum. Post format and full rules can be found here. __________________________________________ Hopefully this is in the right place. My intention isn't to review the anime, but to discuss the artistic influence and potential sources of names of people/places. I could be completely wrong, but I'd say there were far too many coincidences. Enjoy: How Celtic Artwork and Beliefs Have influenced .Hack//Sign The world itself “Morganna” may be related to the Celtic tripartite battle goddess “The Morrigan” . Her name meaning terror, phantom or great queen. In episode 22 “Phantom” Sora discovers the realm of Morganna and the other characters become aware of her presence. Depending on who you ask the interpretation of Morrigan’s association will differ greatly, two interpretations are as follows: • She is usually seen as a terrifying figure associated with war and death on the battlefield, sometime appearing in the form of a carrion crow, premonitions of doom, and with cattle. (common interpretation reinforced by authors such as: W.M. Hennessey and Patricia Lysaght) • • "war per se is not a primary aspect of the role of the goddess", and that her association with cattle suggests her role was connected to the earth, fertility and sovereignty (Máire Herbert). Very few animals are seen in .hack//sign however, the main majority of those shown are “grunty’s” which resemble cows. In celtic folklore “Macha” is one of the sisters of Morrigan who make up The Morrigan. In .hack//sign “Maha” is a female character closely connected to Morganna, however very little is known about her: In her book "War Goddess: The Morrígan and her Germano-Celtic Counterparts", Angelique Gulermovich Epstein suggests that Morrigan is closely related to Irish “männerbund” groups (described as "bands of youthful warrior-hunters, living on the borders of civilized society and indulging in lawless activities for a time before inheriting property and taking their places as members of settled, landed communities"). This description seems very similar to the main characters of .hack//sign who are a group of “warriors” (of varying classes: heavy blade, wavemaster etc…) who, although not with malicious intent, do frequently encounter illegal data, characters and actions etc e.g. Maha, Helba, net slum, data bugs, Tsukasa’s guardian etc… As well as cultural influence, .hack//sign seems to borrow heavily from celtic artwork. Some of the main patterns of celtic artwork were cross’s, spirals, keys patterns and knotwork. Knotwork (maybe..) Spirals [urlimg]http://img176.imageshack.us/img176/7357/keyqu3.jpg[/img] Key pattern Cross (Hulle Granz Cathedral: celtic crosses on the windows and other various celtic patterns seen) (Christianity had a huge influence on the Celtic people and they often decorated crosses with knot patterns. Subaru wears a winged cross design around her neck as well as having wings (as does Balmung), perhaps they are loosely based around angels? Balmung more than Subaru I would say. It’s a bit of a shot in the dark, but the design of Subaru’s hair seems to be done so that the protruding shapes make up this particularly popular design of celtic knot (talk about conspiracy (‘-.-), probably best to ignore this...) The Carmina Gadelica is a collection of prayers, hymns, charms, incantations, blessings, runes, and other literary-folkloric poems and songs collected and translated by amateur folklorist Alexander Carmichael (1832–1912) in the Gaelic-speaking (Gaelic being a branch of celtic language) regions of Scotland between 1855 and 1910. Carmina Gadelica is also a root town in .hack//sign. Carmina Gadelica All discussion/ criticism welcome =).