If you liked the Chuunibyou Demo Koi ga Shitai! Depth of Field - Ai to Nikushimi Gekijyo anime, the Anime-Planet community thinks you'd like:
In a dark and dreary dimension, the mysterious Black Rock Shooter roams the desolate landscape with her gigantic gun, pausing only to battle against other mysterious super-powered girls. Elsewhere, a teenage girl is excitedly preparing for her very first day of junior high, eager to begin her new life of attending a basketball club and befriending the elegant new girl. But what exactly is the connection between these two worlds?
Has a similar style and feeling to it with little to no context being given most of the time during it's run.
Watch cute girls with unconventional character designs battle it out in short little bursts. There's little in the way of plot or exposition. There's just enough explanation to give the characters a reason to have flashy battles.